Chalkboard

Introduction
Ordering Info
Copyright


© 2003 by Calhoun County Board of Education and Scantron Corporation.
All Rights Reserved.

Made with Curriculum Designer
Made with
Curriculum Designer by
Scantron Corporation

Calhoun County Board of Education
Social Studies
Social Studies - Grade 12- American Government/ Economics
Goals and Descriptions
Social Studies

Students in Third and Fourth Grades are introduced to their first formal studies in history and geography. Third Grade students study the interaction of people with the natural environment. Special emphasis is placed on how the environment has influenced historic, economic, political, and cultural development.

.

Fifth and Sixth Grade students are involved in a two-year sequence of courses called United States Studies that focus on the chronological development of the United States. Through an integrated approach that includes historic, geographic, economic, political, social, and cultural perspectives, this course emphasizes the role various groups played in the development of American society. The two-year time frame allows for a deeper, richer experience with American literature, art, drama, music, and architecture.

United States Studies is organized chronologically by major time periods focusing on the four program goals. Information literacy skills are developed throughout the two-year sequence.

In Social Studies, the goal is for all students to develop a deep, rich network of understandings related to the world around them. The objectives and competencies included in this curriculum deal with history, geography, economics, and civics from a diverse, global perspective. Students engage in projects that require them to apply Social Studies skills in real-world contexts.

In Social Studies, the goal is for all students to develop a deep, rich network of understandings related to the world around them. The objectives and competencies included in this curriculum deal with history, geography, economics, and civics from a diverse, global perspective. Students engage in projects that require them to apply social studies skills in real-world contexts.


Twelfth Grade
Overview-American Government and Principles of Economics

The Twelfth Grade American Government and Principles of Economics courses serve as the capstone of the K-12 curriculum. Students in these courses gain the knowledge and skills necessary for civic responsibility.

American government is a required one-semester social studies course for the twelfth grade. Students draw on the knowledge and skills from their previous study of the United States, world history, and geography as background information. The course focuses on the origins and functions of government as well as the intellectual influences in the development of representative democracy in America. Through a detailed study of the United States Constitution, students become knowledgeable of the structure and workings of government at all levels in the state and nation.

Twelfth-grade economics is a required one-semester study. It focuses on the workings and institutions of modern-day economic systems and economic theory rather than consumer economics content. Students apply the knowledge and understanding acquired in their study of economic factors over time to their study of contemporary problems in economics. The study of economics includes the use and interpretation of maps, charts, graphs, tables, and other expressions of statistical data.

Content Topics

Twelfth Grade - American Government

o    Representative Democracy
o    Federalism
o    Political and Civic Life
o    International Relations

Twelfth Grade - Principles of Economics

o    Basic Economic Concepts
o    Market Participants
o    Macroeconomic Concepts and Controversies

Eighth and Ninth Grade
Overview - World History and Geography

Eighth and Ninth Grade students are engaged in a two-year course studying the chronological history of the world. This course addresses a broad range of content focusing on the four integrative program goals. Because accounts of human experience draw from many sources and influence the contemporary world, the Eighth and Ninth Grade course places equal emphasis on these.

Essential elements of geography - It is imperative that students apply the elements of geography within historical context. Students must have a concrete knowledge of physical geography to understand its impact on economics, population distribution, cultural development, and cultural diffusion. Students should associate the effects of these geographical factors on political activity over time.

Time lines - It is essential that students develop the ability to think chronologically.

Utilization of various literary sources - Historical fiction, essays, biographies, primary-source documents, legends, folk tales, poetry, plays, songs, and myths provide a vehicle for students to explore historical and geographical concepts and events. Literature also enables students to gain insights into other cultures and lives of people at various times.

Current events - Understanding contemporary events and relating them to the past are essential to a relevant social studies course. Current events should be included as an ongoing integral part of the course.

Technology - It is essential that students understand the importance of technological changes that have shaped modern society. Technology should be utilized as a component of instruction to enable students to compete in a rapidly changing world. Computer software and Internet access provide opportunities for students to explore historical and geographical concepts.

Time Periods

Eighth Grade - World History and Geography to 1500

o Early Civilizations to 500 B.C.
o Classical Civilizations: 500 B.C. to 500 A.D.
o World Expansion of Agrarian and Commercial Civilizations: 500 A.D. to 1500 A.D.

Ninth Grade - World History and Geography Since 1500

o The Emergence of a Global Age: 1500 to 1650
o The Age of Revolutions: 1650 to 1815
o The Age of Isms: 1815 to 1914
o Era of Global War: 1914 to 1945
o The World from 1945 to the Present

Fifth and Sixth Grade students are involved in a two-year sequence of courses called United States Studies that focus on the chronological development of the United States. Through an integrated approach that includes historic, geographic, economic, political, social, and cultural perspectives, this course emphasizes the role various groups played in the development of American society. The two-year time frame allows for a deeper, richer experience with American literature, art, drama, music, and architecture.
United States Studies is organized chronologically by major time periods focusing on the four program goals. Information literacy skills are developed throughout the two-year sequence.

Time Periods
Grade 5-United States Studies: Beginning to 1900
o Beginnings: Prehistoric Settlements and Native American Life
o European Exploration and Early Settlement: 1400s - 1600s
o English Colonization: 1600s - 1763
o Gaining Independence: 1763 - 1783
o The Forming and Growth of a Nation: 1776 - 1859
o Civil War and Reconstruction: 1860-1877
o Westward Expansion/Transition: 1900

Grade 6-United States Studies: 1900 to the Present
o The Emergence of Modern America: 1900 - 1930
o The Great Depression and World War II: 1929 - 1945
o Postwar United States: 1945 - 1969
o Contemporary United States: 1970 - Present

In spite of some overlap in years between these time periods, using these conceptual divisions will allow a deeper exploration and richer understanding of the period under study. It is strongly advised that teachers clearly point out and discuss these overlaps with students. Time lines and other graphic organizers will help students form an accurate conception of the broad time span.


In Social Studies, the goal is for all students to develop a deep, rich network of understandings related to the world around them. The objectives and competencies included in this curriculum deal with history, geography, economics, and civics from a diverse, global perspective. Students engage in projects that require them to apply social studies skills in real-world contexts.

Grade 12- American Government/ Economics

Twelfth Grade
American Government

The study of American Government provides students with a detailed understanding of the organization and function of government at all levels in the nation. While a great deal of factual information is necessary in this course, facts alone do not meet the requirements for the study of American Government. It is imperative that students acquire an appreciation and understanding of what it means to be a citizen.

Students acquire skills needed for collecting and analyzing information important to the study of government. Social participation provides an opportunity to practice democratic ideals and citizenship.

Twelfth Grade
Principles of Economics

Twelfth Grade Economics provides students with detailed knowledge in the workings of modern-day economic systems, in particular the American capitalist system. Students acquire information about basic economic concepts and skills in the interpretation of graphic economic data. Students apply information and skills to the analysis of issues and problems in contemporary economic systems.

The Principles of Economics core content may be delivered in courses that use a theoretical or applied focus as long as the content standards are accomplished. Courses based on the Principles of Economics core may be applied toward the Alabama High School Diploma with Advanced Academic Endorsement.

top